python beautifulsoup urllib python-3.4
Updated Tue, 07 Jun 2022 03:44:58 GMT

Different behaviour between double quoted and single quoted string when using urllib in python

I am new to python and I learned there are no different between single and double quoted string. But I have found some different behavior.

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import urllib.request
url1 = ""
url2 = ''

If I run:

response = urllib.request.urlopen(url1)

Result: Script finished without error

And If I run:

response = urllib.request.urlopen(url2)

Result: error

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "C:\Python34\lib\urllib\", line 1189, in do_open
    h.request(req.get_method(), req.selector,, headers)
  File "C:\Python34\lib\http\", line 1090, in request
    self._send_request(method, url, body, headers)
  File "C:\Python34\lib\http\", line 1128, in _send_request
  File "C:\Python34\lib\http\", line 1086, in endheaders
  File "C:\Python34\lib\http\", line 924, in _send_output
  File "C:\Python34\lib\http\", line 859, in send
  File "C:\Python34\lib\http\", line 836, in connect
    self.timeout, self.source_address)
  File "C:\Python34\lib\", line 509, in create_connection
    raise err
  File "C:\Python34\lib\", line 500, in create_connection
ConnectionRefusedError: [WinError 10061] No connection could be made because the
 target machine actively refused it
During handling of the above exception, another exception occurred:
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "", line 7, in <module>
    response = urllib.request.urlopen(url2)
  File "C:\Python34\lib\urllib\", line 153, in urlopen
    return, data, timeout)
  File "C:\Python34\lib\urllib\", line 455, in open
    response = self._open(req, data)
  File "C:\Python34\lib\urllib\", line 473, in _open
    '_open', req)
  File "C:\Python34\lib\urllib\", line 433, in _call_chain
    result = func(*args)
  File "C:\Python34\lib\urllib\", line 1215, in http_open
    return self.do_open(http.client.HTTPConnection, req)
  File "C:\Python34\lib\urllib\", line 1192, in do_open
    raise URLError(err)
urllib.error.URLError: <urlopen error [WinError 10061] No connection could be ma
de because the target machine actively refused it>

Is it a bug or anything i missed?

C:\Users\user1\Desktop\scrape>python -V
Python 3.4.1


To the documentation! PEP 8, pretty much the be all end all on python code formatting, states "In Python, single-quoted strings and double-quoted strings are the same." This is written by the creator of Python, and I'm going to take his word for it.

Looking at your stack trace I see the error No connection could be ma de because the target machine actively refused it, so maybe that means something wonky was going on with the server at that point?

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