Database Administration
sql-server cross-apply
Updated Mon, 08 Aug 2022 12:13:14 GMT

CROSS APPLY on Scalar function


I have this:

SELECT
A
,B
,dbo.Func(C)
,dbo.Func(D)
,dbo.Func(E)
,F
FROM abcdef
WHERE
0 = dbo.Func(C) + dbo.Func(D)

I have read that this is not good practice because the function is called million of times and it has a bad impact on performance.

I tried to rewrite it with CROSS APPLY:

SELECT *
 FROM abcdef
  CROSS APPLY dbo.Func(D) as FD

but it returns this error:

Invalid object name 'dbo.Func'

Can I use CROSS APPLY only on TABLE VALUED functions ?

And is CROSS APPLY suitable for scalar functions (converted to table valued function) anyway ? Because on my small performance test CROSS APPLY is a bit slower.




Solution

I read that this is not good practice because function is called 'zilion' times and it have bad impact on performance.

While CROSS APPLY can be useful in some cases, I don't expect any difference in performance between calling the function in WHERE or CROSS APPLY in the specific case. If the table has a million rows (and columns C and D possibly a million different values), a million times the function will be called. How can it be otherwise?

I tried to rewrite it with CROSS APPLY.

Here's how:

SELECT
    t.A,
    t.B,
    ca.Fc,
    ca.Fd,
    dbo.Func(t.E) AS Fe
    t.F,
FROM abcdef AS t
  CROSS APPLY 
    ( SELECT
          dbo.Func(t.C) AS Fc, 
          dbo.Func(t.D) AS Fd
    ) AS ca
WHERE 0 = ca.Fc + ca.Fd ;

or:

SELECT
...
FROM abcdef AS t
  CROSS APPLY 
    ( SELECT
          dbo.Func(t.C) AS Fc, 
          dbo.Func(t.D) AS Fd
      FROM (SELECT NULL) AS dummy
      WHERE 0 = dbo.Func(t.C) + dbo.Func(t.d) 
    ) AS ca ;

Again, I don't think this will have any effects on efficiency.





Comments (1)

  • +0 – thank you, about performance, it was ment that if you need to use the output of the function more then one. In another column, for example SELECT ca.Fc, ca.Fc + ca.Fd — Feb 03, 2017 at 15:00